depression treatment

depression treatment

Did you know that depression is one of the most common mental illnesses that occur due to a person’s mood disorders that lead to a person feeling sad and not paying attention to things, and it affects the general health of the person affected by it, so we were keen to provide you with some information about depression and how to treat depression.

Types of depression

First, we must learn about the types of depression, as depression can be divided into several types, based on the severity of the depressive symptoms experienced by the patient and the duration of these symptoms. 

Some individuals may experience mild and temporary depressive symptoms, while others have severe and persistent episodes of depression. 

Therefore, depression is classified into two main types:


Major depressive disorder Major depressive disorder is also known as clinical depression or major depression, and it is one of the most severe forms of depression 

When an individual suffers from major depressive disorder, he suffers from many symptoms of depression continuously for at least two weeks, and his symptoms include: loss of hope, sadness most of the time, loss of self-confidence, and he may experience a significant increase or decrease in weight.

It should be noted that clinical depression includes several types of depression, including:

  • Psychotic depression.
  • Bipolar depressive disorder.
  • Postpartum depression.
  • Seasonal affective depression.

Persistent depressive

disorder is also known as bipolar depression, chronic depression, or chronic depression.

When a person has persistent depression, the person has had symptoms of depression for at least two years, but they are not as severe as symptoms of clinical depression.

 Symptoms of chronic depression include a loss of interest in daily activities, a person's low self-esteem, and a general lack of productivity.

What are the causes of depression?

Before I show you how to treat depression, you should know that there are many causes of depression and risk factors that increase the likelihood of developing it, and they may differ from person to person, the most prominent of which are the following:

  • Genetic factors and family history: The risk of depression increases in individuals who have suffered from depression. A family member or a close relative suffers from depression or any other mood disorder.
  • Certain medical conditions: Having certain medical conditions can lead to depression, such as chronic insomnia, ADHD, and some chronic diseases.
  • Taking certain types of medication or alcohol: Taking drugs, drinking alcohol, or using certain medications for a long period of time, such as contraceptives, increases your risk of depression.
  • Brain chemistry: There are many neurotransmitters in the brain that have an important role in an individual's mood, and they are one of the possible causes of depression.
  • Environmental factors: Difficult life factors and circumstances that an individual may go through are considered one of the risk factors for depression, such as losing a loved one, failing at something, or being under stress for long periods.

Symptoms of depression Depression

can cause many symptoms that affect a person's mood. 

Depression can also cause many physical symptoms. The most common symptoms of depression include:

  • Loss of desire to engage in activities that the patient used to be interested in in daily life.
  • Feeling sad or hopeless most of the time.
  • Loss of appetite or excessive appetite.
  • Anxiety or sleep disturbance, in which a person's sleep hours may increase or decrease too much.
  • Unintentional weight gain or loss.
  • Difficulty thinking or concentrating and unwillingness to make decisions.
  • feeling guilty.
  • Constant feeling of tiredness or lack of energy to do normal, even simple things.
  • Feeling of loss of climax and low self-esteem.
  • Loss of sexual desire.
  • Thinking of death or suicide.

It should be noted that the signs of depression differ between women, men and children. Here is an explanation for this:

Symptoms of depression in women

Depression is more common in women than in men, as the possibility of depression increases in women after childbirth, which is called postpartum depression, or depression of the menstrual cycle before menstruation, called premenstrual depression.

may include:

  • depression
  • Mood Swings.
  • Withdrawal from social interactions.
  • Increase negative thoughts.
  • Physical symptoms, such as increasing aches, pain, headache, increased cramping.

Symptoms of depression in men

In addition to common symptoms of depression, symptoms of depression in men can be characterized by:

  • Sharpness of mood, such as anger, aggression and irritability.
  • social isolation.
  • Inability to follow through on family or work responsibility.
  • Working uninterruptedly or performing high-risk activities.
  • Decreased libido, or poor sexual performance.
  • Physical symptoms such as fatigue, pain, headache and digestive problems.

Treatment of Depression 

antidepressants, which are often used for moderate or severe depression, and antidepressants

  • : There
  • many  includeSocial phobia)
  • Zylax  forthe treatment of depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder
  • Seroxat  treatment of depression, anxiety, feeling tense and panic attacks.

Alternative treatments for depression

There are some alternative treatments that may benefit a depressed patient, such as:


  • light therapy. Exposure to specific doses of white light may improve the patient's mood and relieve symptoms of depression. 
  • It should be noted that light therapy is commonly used in seasonal affective disorder.
  • Emotional support, where the treatment of depression in the home and the support of the family and those close to the depressed patient play a supportive role in the treatment of behavioral and pharmacological depression. In some cases, the causes that led to depression and suggested solutions can be discussed with some family members.
  • Meditation.
  • Acupuncture therapy.
  • Take some types of nutritional supplements, such as fish oil , but you should consult your doctor before using them to avoid their side effects, or drug interactions with other medications the patient is taking.
  • Change your lifestyle and exercise regularly. 
  • Exercise helps release endorphins, a hormone that improves mood and reduces symptoms of depression.
  •  The individual is advised to exercise at least half an hour during three to five days a week.

Preventing Depression Depression 

may be difficult to prevent, as it is difficult to identify its causes and triggers to avoid them, but in general it is recommended to follow a healthy lifestyle to prevent the development of depression. 

Healthy habits that help reduce the risk of depressive symptoms include:

  • Reducing stress.
  • Build good relationships with others.
  • Maintain a healthy diet.
  • Do regular exercise.
  • Get enough sleep.
  • Avoid boring daily routines and change your lifestyle.
  • The quarrels that cause depression should also be avoided.


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