Protecting the skin from sun damage

Protecting the skin from sun damage

the entire universe is humiliating to serve man; If we look at the world around us from the sun, moon and stars, if we look at the seas and rivers, if we look at plants, then this wonderful universe, including what God Almighty has subjected to the service of humans.

The sun is like the rest of the blessings that God has bestowed upon man. It is one of the basics of life. Without it, life would not be upright, rather it would be non-existent and impossible. The

rays are necessary for all creatures, and its rays bring goodness.

Sunlight helps fight osteoporosis. Sunlight provides the body with vitamin D, and this vitamin is very important in maintaining calcium and phosphate levels in the blood that are essential for building bones and especially important for children and pregnant women. It also enhances the intestine’s ability to absorb calcium, and eliminates Bad bacteria help improve mood and exposure to any deficiency in vitamin D causes many problems for the body, and in this case the person needs to be exposed to the sun quickly, and to take medical medications that compensate for this deficiency, but sometimes some minor rays run out from them that harm the human body and cause It has some problems, and in this case we need to protect ourselves from sun damage.

(All skin care products safe and healthy Adam's Pharmacy).


Damage resulting from exposure to direct sunlight:

  • Skin burns:

Direct exposure to the sun for long periods, especially in the time of hot and noon, affects the body with skin burns that need creams before exposure to the sun, and also need refreshments afterwards.

(All burn creams and ointments healthy and safe first aid Adam's pharmacy).

  • Dry skin:

direct exposure to sunlight dehydrates the skin, and therefore the body needs to compensate for the lost water, as dehydration causes feelings of extreme thirst, fatigue, dizziness and dry mouth, so you should drink at least 3 liters of water per day, especially if you are exposed to sunlight as You need moisturizing creams to compensate for the dryness of the skin.

(face and hand moisturizers are available at Adam's Pharmacy).

  • appearance of wrinkles:

the sun’s rays cause the skin with wrinkles that give the impression of aging, as the skin loses its natural proteins, especially in women with white skin, and with frequent exposure to sunlight in the long term, it causes the death of connective tissues and accelerates the aging of the skin.

( age-removal available at Adam's Pharmacy).

  • Melasma on the face: Melasma

appears from direct sunlight, especially in women with sensitive skin.

( stain and blemish removal are available at Adam's pharmacy).

  • Actinic keratosis or solar keratosis:

It appears as a result of exposure to the sun for years. It is a rough and scaly patch of skin that slowly appears on the face, ears, lips and scalp. This disease appears after the age of 40 years.

(All products for damaged skin are available at Adam's pharmacy).

  • Skin darkening:

It is a natural process that the skin performs to protect the skin from harmful rays of the sun, as melanin is the dark pigment that multiplies on the skin to protect it from harmful rays.

  • Liver spots, senile freckles or senile nevus:

It is a skin spots that appear in old age, they appear as a result of old age and exposure to ultraviolet rays of the sun, and their color ranges between brown, red and black.

They appear on the forehead, face, hands and shoulders, and appear on the scalp of bald-headed people.

And sometimes it is necessary to go to the doctor:

(Adam's pharmacy provides dermatological effective and safe

If the spots on the body change color, or the color of the scars, or the color of the moles on the face changes.

If these spots become painful, it requires a quick doctor's consultation.

When you feel itchy in the skin spots, it also requires medical intervention.

When new spots appear on the skin, the matter cannot be delayed, and the specialist should be rushed to the doctor.

  • Damage to the eye:

Excessive exposure to ultraviolet rays of the sun damages the tissues of the eye and causes many problems such as burning the cornea - cloudy vision - cataracts and with continued exposure to the sun and leaving the eye untreated may cause blindness. 

Ways to protect the skin from sun damage:

Protection from the sun's rays at different ages is very important in the short or long term, so you should follow the following instructions to prevent sun damage.

  •  Avoid exposure to the sun from 10 am to 4 pm, which is the period during which ultraviolet rays abound and intensify.
  • Reduce the period of exposure to sunlight.
  • Use sunscreens and put enough of them on the body to protect it from the harmful rays of the sun, and it is preferable that the sunscreen contains a sun protection factor of 15 SPF or more.
  • Wear good quality sunglasses that block the sun's UV rays.
  •  Avoid wearing dark colored clothes, and wear light colored cotton clothes.
  • Wear sunscreen, preferably wide.
  • Try to cover the hands and face as much as possible permanently throughout the summer.
  • Sit in shaded places and stay away from sunny places.
  • The sun's ultraviolet rays can penetrate fog and clouds, so you should avoid exposure to the sun even on cloudy days.
  • Try to drink a lot of fluids and drink a lot of water to replace the lost salts inside the body, and also helps the skin to recover from tan and other skin problems caused by the sun.
  • Consult a dermatologist to examine the skin once a year.

Protecting children from sun damage:

(Children's products for protection from the sun are available in the sunscreen of Adam's pharmacy).

Children are more vulnerable to the sun's harmful rays, so the following guidelines should be followed to protect them:

  • Teach children not to look directly at the sun.
  • Avoid direct and prolonged exposure of children to the sun, especially between ten in the morning and four in the afternoon.
  • Children wear wide-brimmed hats.
  • Cover children's eyes with full protection sunglasses.
  • Use lip balms for children that contain sunscreen.
  • Cover the infant with white clothes to reflect the sun's rays, and place them under large sun shades.
  • Using moisturizers on the exposed parts of the skin (such as the cheeks, hands, nose and ears).
  • Use sunscreens to protect them.
  • It is necessary to know the appropriate moisturizers for the child’s skin to protect him from the sun by testing these moisturizers on a small area of ​​the child’s body before using it.
  • Give the child juice and water to replace lost fluids.
  • Make sure to use moisturizer 30 minutes before exposure to the sun.

How to choose products to protect the skin from sun damage:

When choosing sunscreens , the following must be taken into account:

  • The product should be suitable for the type of skin, dry or greasy.
  • That the product contains a high-index sun protection factor.
  • It should have protection from ultraviolet A and B rays.

How to use skin protection products from sun damage:

You should do the following:

  • Put sunscreens on dry skin.
  • Apply sunscreen 30 minutes before exposure to the sun's harmful rays.
  • Sunscreen should be reapplied approximately 80 minutes later or after showering or swimming.
  • Use sunscreen even in the shade, because the surface of the earth, sand and water reflect the harmful rays of the sun.
  • Sunscreen is used even if the sky is overcast, because harmful rays pass through.

False beliefs about protecting the skin from sun damage:

  • Sitting behind the glass or in the shade protects from the sun's rays:

It is one of the wrong beliefs as glass does not prevent ultraviolet rays from passing through, and clouds and sitting in the shade allow 80% of ultraviolet rays to pass through.


  • There is no difference between children's and adults' condoms:

it is a misconception that children's products are tested on sensitive skin, in addition to its opaque color, it is visible when applied so that it helps not to forget any exposed area.

  • Clothes protect from the sun:

It is a misconception because clothes do not prevent ultraviolet rays from penetrating, as long as clothes do not cover the face and hands.

  • Dark-skinned women have no need for sun protection:

It is a misconception because if dark-skinned women are less affected by sun damage, however, darkening does not prevent long-term damage such as skin aging, dark spots and melanoma because they are affected by ultraviolet rays.


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