Alopecia hair symptoms and treatment methods

Alopecia hair symptoms and treatment methods

Alopecia Hair

It is a disease in which the affected person loses hair from some or all areas of the body and often from the scalp. It is an autoimmune disease where the body fails to recognize itself and works to destroy its own tissues by attacking the immune system for its own hair follicles. By inhibiting or stopping hair growth, a person may develop alopecia areata while in good health and without any causes and may result from psychological stress.

 It is a disease that affects both males and females. It is not contagious, and the infection predominates in early childhood, late adolescence or young adulthood. It is the most common and can affect individuals at different stages of life.

The occurrence of alopecia before the age of baldness causes psychological stress because hair loss results in major changes in appearance. Individuals with alopecia areata may also develop social phobia, anxiety and depression.

Not all hair loss is considered alopecia, as there are many reasons that cause Hair may fall out due to poor nutrition and not eating a balanced diet, and it may be due to some diseases or due to stress, psychological pressure and other

symptoms of alopecia:


The appearance of alopecia begins in the scalp with hair falling out in patches. A small bald person with a smooth texture, free of hair follicles, and then hair grows again after its fall, months to a year.

Hair loss usually begins on the scalp first and may occur in the beard, eyebrows, pubic hair, arms and legs. Hair loss may be in one or multiple areas that appear as bald patches the size of a coin without leaving scars or marks. 

In cases of hair loss and loss and the appearance of a large number of spots on the scalp, the hair may grow again and the condition may develop and the hair of the entire head is lost, which is called alopecia totalis.

Tingling may reach the place of hair loss.

Causes of alopecia:

It occurs as a result of the immune system attacking the hair follicles, causing hair loss, but there are some factors that contribute to stimulating the immune system to attack the follicles, namely: A

  • genetic disease.
  • genetic disorder
  • Autoimmune diseases such as diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Viral or bacterial infection.
  • Digestive disorders:

Alopecia may occur when there is an amount of gluten in the human body. At that time, it is recommended to eat a gluten-free diet to allow the full growth of the scalp and body hair. This improvement is due to the response of the immune system due to the withdrawal of gluten from the diet.

  • Stress.

Alopecia is detected:

hair loss in one or more circular spots on the scalp and the situation may get worse and include the entire scalp

with redness of the skin in the balding area.

Types of Alopecia

 Diffuse Alopecia:

It can spread and cause hair loss on the entire scalp.

 Multi-spot alopecia:

or multifocal, which causes hair loss in several separate areas.

Unifocal alopecia:

 hair is lost in one spot and anywhere on the scalp.

Barbie alopecia:

where the hair falls from the chin only.

Snake or live alopecia:

 a person loses hair in the form of a strip on the circumference of the head or in the form of a wave.

Alopecia Totalis:

The entire scalp hair of the affected person falls out and is lost without return.

Alopecia universalis:

in which the sufferer loses all body hair,

and alopecia totalis and alopecia universalis are rare.

 The treatment of alopecia is very difficult and its outcome is uncertain.

Effects of alopecia areata:

psychological stress, anxiety and depression:

Alopecia sufferers suffer from stress, anxiety and social phobia due to the significant change in appearance as a result of hair loss and loss of hope for its return. 

 Abnormal nails:

This is due to a lack of keratin, which is the main reason for hair and nail formation.

Increasing the chances of developing diseases of the immune system:

such as asthma, allergies, eczema, hay fever, thyroid diseases, localized skin diseases and vitiligo.

Alopecia treatment:

There is no definitive treatment for alopecia, and this disease cannot be avoided or prevented, but it can be controlled. There are medications that help reduce and control the disease, as the result of treatment and control of the disease depends on the response of the immune system to the drugs.

Mostly hair grows without medication, but new hair loss may occur, so it is necessary to use medications that work to control the disease before it spreads in separate places so that the chance of hair growth is not reduced again.

Some medications to treat alopecia may help regrow hair falling out more quickly. These medications are:

  • anthralin, topical coal tar and cyclosporine.
  • Minoxidil.
  • Corticosteroid alopecia treatment: 

It is an oral treatment that reduces hair loss and may succeed in hair growth again during the period in which it is taken, but it is a medication that has serious side effects.

  • Radiotherapy.
  • Topical immune alopecia treatment:

Divin Cyprion Squaric Acid Dibutyl Ester, which stimulates the immune system to resist the cells that cause hair loss, and despite its beneficial results, it has many harmful and dangerous side effects such as acute dermatitis

  • Steroid:

It helps hair grow again. They are available in the form of creams and injections. Very small needles are used in the bald spots of the scalp, and the treatment must be repeated once every one to two months, according to the opinion of the attending physician. Although steroid injections work on hair growth, they do not prevent new hair from falling out.

Steroid creams are not effective and take longer to see results.

Steroids are affected when combined treatments fail to enter the skin deep enough to affect the hair follicles, which is the goal of treatment.

(All alopecia medications are available in Adam's Pharmacy).

Prevention of alopecia:

  • wearing head coverings to protect the scalp from the hot and harmful rays of the sun.
  • Maintaining a healthy balanced diet to avoid temporary hair loss.
  • Avoid exposure of the eyes to the sun, dust and dirt, and it is preferable to wear sunglasses and medical glasses, especially when losing eyebrow hair and eyelashes.
  • Avoid chemically treating hair.
  • Use sunscreen.

Treatment of alopecia with herbs and alternative medicine:

Mustard oil for the treatment of alopecia: Massage

the scalp of a person with alopecia with mustard oil because it contains anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties and is therefore recommended by doctors.

Aloe vera oil to treat alopecia:

The benefits of cactus oil are many, especially for hair, as it works to grow and germinate hair faster. It is one of the best natural ways to help treat alopecia.

Castor oil for alopecia:

It contains a high percentage of vitamins and nutrients. It is a lethal treatment for alopecia, as it works on hair growth and cleanses the scalp. For best results, the scalp can be massaged with it twice a day.

(All hair oils are available at Adam's pharmacy).

Alopecia treatment with apple cider vinegar:

Apply apple cider vinegar to the scalp twice a day and massage, as apple cider vinegar works to solve hair problems and hair loss and helps hair grow again.

Garlic oil to treat alopecia:

Garlic oil has many benefits. It is a strong antiseptic in addition to being an antibiotic. You can massage and rub the affected areas of the scalp with it. Garlic oil can be replaced with garlic cloves, rubbing the scalp and empty spots to get the desired results.


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