Causes of dandruff 

Causes of dandruff 

Many people get upset when their hair is affected by any symptom; Hair is one of the causes of human beauty, so hair loss or loss, inflammation of the scalp, weakness or brittleness are among the disturbing things that cause a person to be disturbed, and affect his general mood negatively.

One of the problems that increases a person’s annoyance is the problem of dandruff, as it is more annoying than others: because dandruff falling on a person’s shoulders may cause him embarrassment, especially in personal interviews or events.

Dandruff results from dead scalp cells. It sheds and is replaced by new cells, but it may exceed the normal limit for some people.

This increase may be chronic, temporary, or caused by certain factors that cause the appearance of dandruff in large quantities with redness and irritation of the scalp.

Scalp cells are renewed every month, but in the case of dandruff, the cells fall out before they die, which is known as dandruff.

Skin cells have a major role in triggering a reaction from the body's immune system when dandruff is formed.

Dandruff increases in the winter, as the severity of the dandruff changes with the seasons of the year.

Dandruff may cause social and psychological problems; Therefore, it is necessary to search for a treatment for dandruff that eliminates it.


Causes of the appearance of dandruff:

There are multiple reasons for the appearance of dandruff on the scalp:

Seborrheic dermatitis:

It appears as redness of the skin of the scalp covered with a layer of white or yellow scales.

It is common in people with dandruff.

It is not limited to the scalp, but may affect other places in the body such as (axillary, behind the ear, eyebrow, pubis, tip of the nose).

Dry skin:

One of the main reasons for the appearance of dandruff is dry skin, but it is characterized by being smaller than other causes of dandruff.

It does not only affect the scalp, but extends to other places in the body, such as the arm or leg.


One of the causes of dandruff is the fungus (Malassezia). This type of fungus naturally lives on the scalp of adults, especially those with oily scalps, where it feeds on the oils in it; Their chance of developing dandruff increases.

One of its symptoms is irritation of the scalp, which leads to an increase in the growth of skin cells, and when it dies, the crust appears.


Sometimes a person becomes allergic as a result of the use of some harmful hair products or dyes.

Allergy symptoms appear in the form of itching, redness and the appearance of a crust on the scalp.

Scalp irritation may occur due to excessive washing of hair, or excessive use of hair products, which leads to the appearance of dandruff.

Certain diseases:

Some diseases increase the chance of developing dandruff, such as eczema, psoriasis, neurological diseases, immunodeficiency patients, heart attacks, strokes, and Parkinson's disease.

Bad diet:

vitamins are very important for maintaining hair health and for the body to carry out metabolic processes, such as vitamins (A, B1, B2, B3, B6, B7, B9, C, D, as well as some elements such as zinc, Iron, omega 3).

When eating an unhealthy diet, hair is damaged and symptoms of disease appear from weak follicles, brittleness, damage, hair loss, dandruff.

Therefore, you should eat foods that contribute to maintaining hair and have an integrated diet; To reduce the chance of dandruff.

Male hormones in men: men

are more likely to suffer from dandruff, and the reason for this is due to the sebaceous glands, which are larger in the scalp than others in the rest of the body.

Male hormones play a major role in dandruff.

Vitamin A deficiency:

It has an important role in maintaining the integrity and softness of the skin, and it prevents bacteria and viruses, and helps to fight infections efficiently, as

 its deficiency reduces the ability to fight them, and also leads to dry skin and the appearance of dandruff of the scalp, and is not limited to it only but to the entire body.

In order to have healthy and healthy hair, you must eat foods that contribute to maintaining hair.


Adolescents and young adults suffer from dandruff, and it appears frequently in the age of twenty and later decreases with age, and the problem may persist for some for life.


Hair hygiene:

Neglecting to wash hair regularly causes an accumulation of dead skin cells.

  And what helps the appearance of dandruff, taking

care of hair hygiene, using shampoos that reduce the oily scalp oils, prevents the appearance of dandruff.

Weakening of the immune system:

Where the weakness of the immune system or a defect in it leads to hair loss, and this loss is in a large proportion, and it requires rapid and safe intervention.

Excessive brushing of the hair:

helps to redden the skin of the head and causes itching, causing dandruff to become inflamed and dandruff appears.

Exposing hair to dirt and dust.

Excessive exposure to heat:

Exposing hair to heat, whether by the sun or using hair dryers, helps the appearance of dandruff, as it causes the hair to dry out and thus the appearance of dandruff.

Taking some medications:

Taking some medications, such as heart medications, and other medications, may lead to profuse hair loss, as well as dandruff; Therefore, when a person notices a loss of hair on his head, he must go to a specialist doctor; Until he changes the type of treatment, or reduces the dose, the

exchange of personal tools:

The exchange of personal tools is one of the things that transmit diseases to the hair in a large proportion, and if a person has dandruff, the crust is transmitted from the person who suffers from dandruff to the healthy person.

Wearing head coverings:

Some resort to covering their hair, especially in the winter, which causes dandruff to worsen.

Lack of drinking water:

The rate of drinking water decreases, especially in the winter, which affects the health of the body in general and the hair in particular, as it causes dry skin and scalp.

Drinking plenty of water keeps the scalp moisturized and protected from dandruff.

Harmful chemicals:

Using products that contain harmful chemicals (such as hair dyes and some products) increase the dryness of the skin and cause scales on the scalp. 

Symptoms of dandruff:

Some symptoms that appear with dandruff: The

appearance of red spots on the scalp.

itchy head;

Scales on the face and eyebrows.

hair loss;


Dandruff treatment:

can be controlled most of the time, but treatment may require patience and the continuity of showering with a shampoo that may help treat mild dandruff.

Anti-dandruff shampoos can be purchased at the drugstore, and there are different types of anti-dandruff shampoos.

You may need to try several anti-dandruff shampoos to get the best scalp treatment.


Types of anti-dandruff shampoos:

The types of shampoos are divided according to the medication it contains:

 Tar shampoo: Tar

helps relieve some skin problems such as eczema and psoriasis, and irritate oily skin as it slows the death of skin cells.

Shampoo containing selenium:

reduces the fungi of Malassezia, slows down the duration of cell death.

But one of its side effects is to change the color of dyed hair or gray or blond hair, so you should wash the hair well with water and be careful when using.

Shampoo containing zinc pyrithione:

It is a good fighter against fungi and bacteria that cause dandruff.

Shampoo containing salicylic: It

removes the dead layer from the scalp and gets rid of dandruff, but at the same time it leads to dryness of the scalp and dandruff appears, so it is preferable to use a hair conditioner to moisturize it and prevent dehydration.

Ketoconazole shampoo:

strong in fighting fungi and one of the most powerful in eliminating dandruff.


(All types of dandruff shampoo are available at Adam's Pharmacy)  

How to use dandruff shampoo:

Massage the scalp while using the shampoo and leave it on the head for 5 minutes before washing it with water.


And with this, we have finished the worrying causes of dandruff that greatly affect the person and his mood, and which need safe, healthy solutions, and at the same time they are quick.


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